Discover our best skincare ingredients (A-Z) glossary to help you learn more about common ingredients used in the cosmetic industry. Knowing your skincare ingredients can help you make the right skincare choices for your skin type.

About the Dictionary—Our team of expert researchers ensure you’re getting the most accurate, reliable information about which skin care ingredients to try, avoid or toss. Read More

For several of the ingredients, we’ve also included product recommendations based on rating, reviews, our experience, and whether or not we’d repurchase. Keep in mind you don’t need everything on this list. Sometimes just one serum can really do it all.

Dermspotlight got to work decoding the most popular ingredients and their skin-boosting benefits…

Argireline

Argireline contains Acetyl Hexapeptide-8 known to target early symptoms of aging. It is used in skin care serums to address both forming and already developed sings of aging. In precise, it contains two potent proteins; elastin and collagen. The two are essential for a healthy and youthful skin appearance. Peptides are common ingredients in skincare products but this particular peptide is different because of its ability to decrease muscle movement and wrinkle appearance. It is a peptide that targets areas susceptible to developing wrinkles and fine lines like the forehead and areas around the eyes.

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Algae Extract

Algae Extract is derived from various Algae species such as seaweed, furaceae, focus, vesiculosus, among others. It is often used in skin care products because of the potent vitamins and antioxidants present in it. It is a powerhouse ingredient packed with plenty of minerals and vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K. Algae works well on almost all types of skin. It has a smoothing effect in that it acts as a humectant by attracting water. It is, therefore, used in the cosmetic product as a skin conditioner and emollient.

Other Products: Proven Skincare
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Avena Sativa

Avena sativa is mostly obtained from the leaves and stems of the unripened Avena Sativa plant. It is also known as Oat straw extract is a rich in proteins. It also contains various potent lipids, minerals, and B-glucan, which form the essential part of dietary fiber. Oat has been found to possess various pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and wound healing, among others. According to its wide biological activities’ spectrum, oat has been found to be a possible therapeutic agent. It is a popular ingredient in some skincare products because of the antioxidant properties that help work against the damaging effects of UV rays.

Other Products: Grow Gorgeous
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Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera is a succulent plant species from Aloe that grows in tropical climates. It is a short-stemmed thick leafy plant best known for treating various health concerns. The thick liquid extracted from the fleshy leaves is a medicinal extract with plenty of health benefits. It is a rich source of antioxidants like polyphenols which has numerous health benefits. It also contains other properties like antibacterial, antiseptic, and antiviral that inhibits the growth of harmful bacteria likely to cause various infections in humans. It is widely used to treat skin-related problems and is also ideal for wound healing.

Other Products: Lift Factor Plus , Infinite Restore
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Apple Stem Cell

Apple Stem Cell is an ingredient obtained from a rare apple stem cell. The extract is a potent ingredient obtained from apple tree stem cells. It is found in most skin serums because of its ability to stimulate aging cells to fight outward symptoms of aging. The extract has a number of health benefits to the skin, hence offering hope for damaged and aging skin. It is known to rejuvenate the skin by reducing the appearance of unsightly fine lines and wrinkles, to give your skin a fresh and youthful look.

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Amino Acid

Onnit Alpha Brain

Amino Acids are organic compounds that join together to make proteins in the body. They are simply building blocks of protein, which are essential components of every cell in the human body. They are organic compounds comprising carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen that form proteins in the body. Amino acids are obtained from protein foods which are later broken into amino acids during digestion. Amino acids play different functions in the human body. It aids in muscle building. It also boosts immunity, prevents digestion-related problems, enhances mental alertness, and supports the transportation of nutrients in the body, among other benefits.

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Onnit Alpha Brain

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Allantoin

Allantoin also known as aluminum dihydroxy allantoin is a natural compound found in organisms such as animals, plants, and microbes. This chemical compound is present in many plants and animals and also within the human body. This ingredient is popularly used in skincare products because of its ability to relieve minor skin irritation, prevent rough, dry, itch, and scaly skin, and protect skin from minor burns, scrapes, and cuts. It has also been found to be a rich source of antioxidants with a wrinkle-smoothing effect, and also contains exfoliating properties. It stimulates collagen production and inhibits trans-epidermal water loss.

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Alpha Hydroxy Acid

Alpha Hydroxy Acid is a combination of natural acids present in various foods. It is built from a group of natural acids found in different foods. These acids include citric acid from citrus fruits, lactic acid from sour milk and tomatoes, glycolic acid from sugar cane, tartaric acid from grapes, malic acid from apples, among others. Alpha Hydroxyl acids contain all these types of acids that work together to address different skin problems. It has been found to be efficient in removing built-up layers of dead skin to give a smoother revealing and firmer skin. It is also known to reduce aging symptoms like skin dryness, acne, fine lines, and wrinkles.

Other Products: Skinbetter Science AlphaRet Overnight Cream
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Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is an ingredient formed through apple sugar fermentation. This version of vinegar is formed by fermenting apple sugars, hence turning the fermented sugar into alcohol. This fermented apple juice usually contains a component known as acetic acid, which is an active ingredient in apple cider vinegar. Apple cider vinegar has been found to contain healthy properties such as antioxidant antimicrobial effects. It offers plenty of health benefits such as reducing cholesterol levels, supporting weight loss, lowering blood sugar levels, and improving diabetes-related symptoms. It is also a strong anti-bacterial that prevents various infections.

Other Products: Goli Nutrition Apple Cider Vinegar , Goli Nutrition Ashwagandha Gummies
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Arbutin

Arbutin is a glycosylated hydroquinone commonly extracted from plants of the Ericaceae family mainly from bearberry. It is a naturally occurring component and a derivative of hydroquinone extracted from the bearberry plant, Arbutin is said to occur naturally in various plant species and is known to have the ability to address various skin problems. The highest known concentration of this ingredient is bearberry. It is also found in mulberry, cranberry, blueberry, and wheat. Arbutin provides a number of skin health benefits. It functions as a tyrosinase inhibitor that inhibits melanin formation while providing a lightening skin pigmentation effect.

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Argan Oil

Argan Oil is a naturally occurring plant oil extracted from argan tree fruit kernels found in Morocco. It is a rich source of antioxidants and fatty acids mostly used in skincare anti-aging products. It is a good skin moisturizer, reduces wrinkles, fades dark circles, and brightens the skin. It also contains vitamin E, an essential element necessary for healthy skin and hair. Argan oil is also used for cooking purposes. The consumption of this ingredient has been found to have medical benefits such as diabetes and high blood pressure treatment.

Other Products: Pura d’or Shampoo , M-61 Hydraboost Collagen+ Peptide Water Cream
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Avocado Oil

Avocado oil is an edible natural oil extracted from avocado pulp. Besides avocado the oil can come from the Persea Americana fruit. It has been found to contain powerful antioxidants, minerals, essential fatty acids, and vitamins potent for overall body health. It is gentle with a soothing effect on the skin, making it ideal for use on all types of skin. The topical application of avocado oil has plenty of benefits to the skin. It moisturizes dry skin and acts as a natural sunblock. It also contains anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that help to keep the skin smooth, elastic, and strong.

Other Products: ISDIN Body Lotion Uradin10 , Aveda Shampoo , Olaplex No. 5 Conditioner
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Biotin

Folexin

Biotin also known as vitamin B7 or H is a water-soluble vitamin from the Vitamin B family. In precise this component is from the Vitamin B family present in some food and available in the form of a dietary supplement. It is an essential nutrient involved in a variety of metabolic processes in both humans and in other organisms. It helps in the maintenance of the major systems of the body. It helps the body to make use of enzymes and also transport nutrients throughout the body. It is also responsible for converting certain nutrients into energy. Other health benefits associated with biotin include healthy skin, hair, and nails.

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Folexin

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BV-OSC

Tetrahexykldecyl Ascorbate commonly known as BV-OSC is a stable and oil-soluble form of Vitamin C. BV-OSC is a stable form of Vitamin C known to boost the production of collagen up to 50% more stable than Vitamin C alone. It is a soluble topical L-ascorbic acid popular in the skincare industry. Similar to other Vitamin C, BV-OSC is known to have a brightening effect on the skin, reduce melanin, evens the skin tone, and boost collagen synthesis. It also contains powerful antioxidant activity that helps in the mitigation of UV rays exposure damaging effects.

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Beta Glucan

Beta Glucan is soluble fibers extracted from fungi, yeasts, bacteria cell walls, and from various plants like barley and oats. It is a soluble fiber that naturally exists in certain mushrooms, yeast, cereals, and is also available in the form of a supplement. Bet-glucan is an ingredient with viscous solutions especially in humans, which forms the basis of its health benefits. This ingredient has been found to stimulate the immune system whereby it increases chemicals that inhibit infections. It can also help in lowering heart disease-related risks and also prevent the absorption of cholesterol from various foods.

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Bamboo Leaf Extract

Bamboo extract is an ingredient derived from Bambusa vulgaris plant leaves. The extract is an ingredient obtained from black bamboo leaves, which is a natural source of silica. The bamboo leaves contain about 70% silica, a very crucial mineral with plenty of health benefits. For instance, it has been shown to prevent the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines and keep the skin beautiful. It also promotes the growth of thick and beautiful long hair. It has also been found to support healthy teeth, bones, and nails. Other Bamboo extract health benefits include cerebrovascular and cardiovascular protection.

Other Products: Revision BodiFirm
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Beta Hydroxy Acids

Beta Hydroxyl acid commonly known as BHA is an organic compound containing carboxylic acid and hydroxy functional groups separated by two carbon atoms. Shortened as BHAs this acids are exfoliator agents that work beneath the skin surface to break down bacteria and dirt deep in pores. It is a common acid in cosmetic and dermatology because of its ability to dissolve easily in oils and has plenty of health benefits to the skin. This lipid-soluble ingredient penetrates the skin oil glands easily to remove dead cells and debris from deep within the pores. It targets skin conditions such as blackheads, pimples, and dark sports. It also has a hydrating effect on the skin.

Other Products: Good Molecules , Jeunesse
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Benzyl Alcohol

Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with aromatic fragrance obtained from fruit and belongs to a class of medications known as pediculicides. The alcohol exists as a clear colorless liquid with an aromatic scent commonly used in skincare products and cosmetics. What makes it a popular and useful solvent is its advantageous properties. It is highly soluble in water and other solvents. It has moderate toxicity and vapor pressure with high polarity. The ingredient also has a faint pleasant aromatic fragrance and is used as a preservative in most cosmetic and skincare products.

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Capixy

Capixyl is an innovative biomimetic peptide that also consists of red clover extract. It is a unique active peptide also containing red clover extract purposely developed to stop and prevent hair loss while stimulating massive hair regrowth. The reason why capixyl is popular in hair products is because of its ability to reduce substances known to damage hair and eyelashes such as free radicals. It has also been found to promote protein growth ideal for the massive growth of hair and eyelashes. It works by targeting the main root causes of hair loss as it provides the user with thicker and fuller hair.

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Cucumber Extract

Kollagen Intensiv

Cucumber extract is a natural non-sensitizing extract from the Cucumis sativus plant. The ingredient derived from the Cucumis sativus plant and is believed to be one of the best skin superfoods. The extract is mostly composed of water. However, it also contains other essential properties like proteins, vitamin C, lipids, and a few minerals, ideal for your skin. It also contains other essential astringent properties known to relieve the skin from inflammation and puffiness. Cucumber extract is widely used to treat sunburns because of its cooling effect and the ability to reduce sunburn-related pain.

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Kollagen Intensiv

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Caffeine

PhenQ Meal Shake

Caffeine is a stimulant belonging to the methylxanthine class, naturally found in coffee, cocoa, and tea plants. It is found in various plants like coffee, cocoa, guarana, and tea. Caffeine is one of the widely consumed drugs because, unlike other psychoactive drugs, caffeine is legal and unregulated. It is, therefore, added to many beverages and supplements. The reason why caffeine as an ingredient is being used in many beverages and supplements is because of its wide range of health benefits. If used in moderation (small doses), caffeine can help stimulate the nervous system and also increase brain activity. It makes one feel refreshed and stay focused.

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PhenQ Meal Shake

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Cetyl Alcohol

Cetyl alcohol is a multi-purpose and friendly ingredient obtained from fat such as vegetable oil, coconut oil, and palm oil. This alcohol exists as a synthetic fatty, solid, and nonionic surfactant used in pharmaceutical preparations as an emulsifying agent. Cetyl alcohol works as a binding agent whereby it helps to bind together various ingredients in skincare products such as lotions and creams, hence enabling smooth application. Unlike other alcohol like Ethyl that has a drying effect on the skin, Cetyle alcohol happens to be skin-friendly. It has been found to have conditioning, hydrating, and softening properties that are beneficial to the skin and hair.

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Chamomile Extract

Chamomile extract is a medicinal extract derived from the flowers of a herb called Matricaria recutita, a native to eastern and southern Europe. The component has been praised for exceptional medicinal properties. It is a popular ingredient in various skin care products and supplements because of its enormous health benefits. In skincare products, Chamomile extract has been found to help with wound healing and skin irritation. It is also an effective ingredient in hydrocortisone cream for treating eczema. It is also added in oral supplements because it is a good sedative in calming the nerves and reducing anxiety.

Other Products: Averr Aglow , City Beauty
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Castor Seed Oil

Castor seed oil is a vegetable oil obtained from ripe seeds of the Ricinus communis plant. The seed derived oil from green ripe caster beans comes from the outer cover of the seed, where it is removed and then pressed to extract oil. It is widely used for medical purposes because it contains natural antimicrobial and antiviral properties crucial for treating various skin problems and fungal infections. It is also a common ingredient in cosmetics. It is used in the formulation of skin care products because it has been found to have a number of health benefits to the skin.

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Ceramides

Ceramides are naturally occurring fatty acids in the form of lipids found in skin cells. The fatty acids known as lipids present in the skin cells and they make up about 50% of the skin’s outer layer. The main castor oil component is ricinoleic acid. It is a type of fatty acid known to possess anti-inflammatory properties. Castor oil has been used as a traditional medicine for centuries. It exists in the form of a laxative and it is taken orally. It is also applied topically on the skin for lubrication purposes and on the hair to stimulate hair growth. It is also applied to ease arthritis-related pain.

Other Products: CeraVe PM Facial Moisturizing Lotion , CeraVe Skin Renewing Night Cream
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Chamomile Recutita

Chamomile Recutita is a medicinal flower extract derived from a plant of eastern and southern native Europe known as Matricaria recutita. Its most notable compound is bisabolol, an antiseptic and antimicrobial known to treat minor skin inflammation. The ingredient is known for its ability to moisturize the skin by binding moisture to the skin. Other health benefits of Chamomilla Recutita include the treatment of bronchitis, cough, cold, fever, infection, burns, wounds, and inflammation.

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Chia Seed Oil

Chia seed oil is an ingredient extracted from Salcia hispanica L. plant seeds. It has been found to contain healthy fats, antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins, which are essential for overall health. It is used in the cosmetic and skincare industry as one of the powerful anti-aging ingredients. It contains omega-3, omega-6, and other healthy fats connected to protection against UV rays, healthier skin membrane, and skin hydration, fading of fine lines. The oil is also nutritious and therefore used and delicious and edible alternative to olive oil in the kitchen in most parts of the world.

Other Products: Dermalogica BioLumin-C Eye Serum , Dermalogica
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Collagen

Eye Secrets Collagen and Q10 Gel Patches

Collagen is a natural protein found all over the body, especially in the skin, ligaments, tendons, bones, teeth, and connective tissues. Ideally this is one highly abundant protein present in the human body. It comprises a third of the protein in the body and three-quarters of the skin. It is found in the muscles, bones, tendons, and skin. It is this substance that holds the entire body together by forming a scaffold to provide the body with structure and strength. It is, therefore, responsible for skin stretchiness or elasticity and healthy joints. Aging usually leads to the breakdown of collagen, making it harder for the body to produce more. So, most people use supplements to help boost collagen production.

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Eye Secrets Collagen and Q10 Gel Patches

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Critic Acid

Citrus acid is a weak organic acid commonly mainly concentrated in citrus fruit like lemons, limes, and oranges. It is also a natural concentration also found in a variety of vegetables. Citric acid has been found to have plenty of benefits. It is used in cosmetics as an antioxidant and for medicinal purposes. It is also found in skin cleansing products. In the food industry, this ingredient is used as a food additive in two ways; as a preservative and as a natural flavoring.

Other Products: Resistance Bain Extentioniste Shampoo
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Dimethicone

Dimethicone is simply a type of silicone from polymeric organosilicon compounds commonly used in cosmetics, body care, and skincare products. It is a popular ingredient in these products because of its ability to improve the products’ feel and texture. It prevents the skin from moisture loss by forming a protective layer on the skin while it improves water retention. It is generally good at preventing a number of skin health issues such as itching, dryness, roughness, scaly, and irritation. It can also help to treat certain skin conditions such as eczema.

Other Products: Gold Bond Crepe Corrector , Olay Regenerist Retinol 24 Night Facial Cream
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Doxycycline

Doxycycline is an antibiotic known to fight bacteria in the body and is, therefore, used to treat various bacterial infections in various parts of the body. It works by killing bacteria and inhibiting its growth. It treats infections such as cholera, Lyme disease, syphilis, typhus, and chlamydia infections. Doxycycline is an ingredient also present in some skincare products because of its potent properties known to target various skin concerns such as pimples, acne and abscesses usually present on the face. When combined with quinine, doxycycline can help prevent malaria infection.

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DMAE

DMAE also called Dimethylethanolamine is a chlorine molecule containing one less methyl group and provides the body with a number of health benefits. DMAE has been found to improve the general functioning of the brain. It is believed to enhance memory, improve brain function, and affect mood. DMAE is also known to have some health benefits on aging skin. It has been found to decrease age-related symptoms that are usually evident on the skin like wrinkles and fine lines.

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Essential Oil

Essential oils are types of oils derived from different parts of certain plants and they capture the scent and flavor of that particular plant. There are different types of essential oils namely; tea tree oil, peppermint oil, lemon oil, eucalyptus oil, orange oil, frankincense oil, lemon oil among others. Each essential oil has a unique chemical that affects the smell and the absorption effect. Some of the scents have been found to control blood pressure, heart rate, stress, and breathing.

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Eyeseryl

Eyeseryl is a type of peptide by lipoic that acts as a draining and anti-puff agent. It is known to contain anti-edema tetrapeptide properties that work to reduce eye bags instantly. It is incorporated in most cosmetic formulas like serums, gels, and emulsions that target the puffiness under the eye. The ingredients work is basically to reduce fluid accumulation trapped in the area under the eye. When it is applied, it melts away the stagnant water, hence decreasing the puffiness.

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Eucalyptus Oil

Eucalyptus oil is an ingredient derived from the leaves of the eucalyptus tree. It is available as an essential oil and is used medicinally to treat different types of common ailments and conditions. Some of the ailments that eucalyptus oil can treat include nasal congestion and asthma. If diluted, it can be used as a topical application to address various health problems like skin ulcers, and arthritis. It also has respiratory health benefits and also eases cold symptoms. Eucalyptus is also an essential oil that diffuses for aromatherapy health benefits.

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Ecklonia Cava

Ecklonia cava is an edible brown alga seaweed found in some parts of Asian countries like Korea, Japan, and China. It is used as medicine as well as food. It contains various unique polyphenols called phlorotannins known to contain powerful medicinal properties that can treat a number of illnesses. It is known to treat diseases like stress, arthritis, heart disease, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol, among other health conditions. It also works to counter various premature aging symptoms caused by inflammation and oxidative stress.

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Folate

Vital Reds

Folate, also known as vitamin B9 is a naturally occurring vitamin derived from various sources of food, especially leafy vegetables like citrus fruits, leafy vegetables, and beans. The water-soluble vitamin exists in the form of vitamin B9. It is present in many foods and also sold as a supplement as folic acid. It is the best vitamin that is easily absorbed compared to other vitamins from various food sources. Folate is an important substance essential for healthy cell growth and the formation of red blood cells.

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Vital Reds

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Ferulic Acid

Feluric acid is an antioxidant found in certain plants’ cell walls, rich in vitamins such as vitamin C, vitamin E, and vitamin A. The organic compound packed with phenolic phytochemicals present in various plant wall cells. It is an oxidant that works to enhance other antioxidants’ effects. It is a common ingredient in most skincare and cosmetic products. It plays the role of protecting the integrity of the cell by reducing the appearance of skin aging symptoms such as wrinkles, fine lines, and dark sports. It is generally known to be a great free radical scavenger that neutralizes free radicals known to damage cells.

Other Products: Dr. Dennis Gross Skincare Ferulic + Retinol Anti-Aging Moisturizer , NourishMax
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Glycerin

Glycerin also known as glycerin or glycerol is a scentless and colorless liquid developed by hydrolyzing vegetable and animal fats. Ideally it exists in the form of trihydroxy sugar alcohol. Glycerin exists in two forms; synthetic and natural. Natural glycerin is produced by hydrolyzing vegetable and animal fats. It is referred to as a medication because it is a powerful moisturizer used to prevent or treat rough, itchy, dry, scaly skin, and minor skin irritations. It forms a protective layer on the upper layer of the skin, hence preventing moisture loss while trapping water in the skin.

Other Products: Earth to Skin , SculptMedix , Clinique Smart Night Custom-Repair Moisturizer Cream
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Glycolic Acid

Glycon acid is an odorless, odorless, and naturally occurring alpha hydrochloric acid (AHA) extracted from sugarcane. This acid is a type of chemical exfoliant extracted from sugarcane plants. AHA is among the most widely used AHA in the skincare industry. It is known for its ability to dissolve the bonds that exist between dead skin cells, allowing easy removal, leaving your skin with a revealing youthful smooth skin. Glycolic acid is well-known and commonly used AHA when it comes to fighting acne. It is also known to help with regular skin breakout and is also potent for treating other skincare concerns.

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Grape Seed Oil

Skinception Eyelasticity

Grapeseed oil is oil processed from seeds of the grape trees and it is a byproduct of winemaking. The oil extract has a number of uses. It is largely used as a medicinal ingredient because of its ability to manage a number of skin concerns. Grape seed oil is known to be a rich source of anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. The oil also contains omega fatty acids and vitamin E, making it a popular ingredient for formulating skin care products. It absorbs faster into the skin, leaving your skin supple, soft, and moisturized.

Other Products: Oribe Conditioner for Brilliance and Shine , Caudalie Vinosculpt Lift & Firm Body Cream
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Green Tea Extract

Nucific Bio-X4

Green tea extract is an ingredient derived from the leaves of a plant called Camellia sinensis. This tea extract is made from the leaves Camellia sinensis plant and exists in different forms; capsule, powder, and liquid. This ingredient when orally consumed is said to provide the body with plenty of health benefits. Green tea extract contains potent antioxidant properties called catechins known to protect the body against oxidative-related stress by fighting cell damage. It has also been found to help in exercise recovery and promotes weight loss too. Other health benefits that have been associated with this ingredient include sugar regulation, heart, liver, and brain health, and overall disease prevention.

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Nucific Bio-X4

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Hemp Oil

Hemp oil is an extract obtained from the seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant. The seeds are usually cold-pressed to obtain the oil. It is different from cannabis oil, which is usually extracted from the leaves and flowers of the same plant. Hemp oil contains a valuable nutritional value and can be topically applied or taken orally. It is said to contain essential fatty acids, minerals, amino acids, and vitamins. Hemp oil can be used to relieve inflammation pain. It is also a perfect moisturizer and works well on all types of skins. It hydrates the skin without clogging pores. It also regulates skin oil production hence reducing the appearance of acne.

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Hyaluronic Acid

Skinception Instant Wrinkle Reducer

Hyaluronic acid is a sugar that occurs naturally throughout the connective tissue of the body. The main function of Hyaluronic acid is to provide the needed moisture in various parts of the body, hence keeping the body tissues well moist and lubricated. However, as people age the production of Hyaluronic acid decreases, affecting moisture and water supply in different body parts. So, most people opt for supplemental hyaluronic acid. It exists in three forms; oral supplements, injections, serums, or topical creams.

Other Products: Beverly Hills MD Anti-Aging Lip Enhancer
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Skinception Instant Wrinkle Reducer

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Hydrolyzed Collagen

Hydrolyzed collagen refers to a group of peptides with small molecular weight extracted from various sources like porcine or bovine. This ingredient is popular in most dietary supplements because of its ability to support the overall well-being of the body. When collagen is obtained from other sources for supplementation purposes, they usually need to be broken down to allow easy absorption into the bloodstream. Hydrolyzed collagen is, therefore, available as a dietary supplement mostly in powder form. It has been found to support flexible joints, strong muscles, healthy nails, and glossy skin and hair.

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Hydrolyzed Rice Protein

Hydrolyzed rice protein is a water-soluble ingredient extracted from sustainable rice bran. It is rich in amino acids and beneficial to both the hair and the skin. Rice is a mild material that is gluten-free, and therefore, ideal for use by individuals who are sensitive to proteins or prone to allergy. Rice protein has plenty of benefits to both hair and skincare. It increases hair volume and adds a natural shine to it. It also helps with moisture retention. On the skin, this ingredient enhances moisture retention, leaving the skin hydrated and more elastic.

Other Products: RoC Retinol Correxion Sensitive Eye Cream
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Jojoba Oil

Jojoba oil is a popular ingredient derived from the jojoba shrub seeds, found in North American’s deserts. This ingredient has plenty of health benefits to both the skin and hair. It is found in body care products like body lotions, facial creams, moisturizers, conditioners, shampoos, among others. Jojoba oil has a nourishing and smoothening effect on both the skin and hair. It also fades away fine lines and wrinkles and relieves the skin from sunburns. It promotes hair growth and prevents it from splitting at the ends.

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Keratin

Tru Alchemy Lunar Lash

Keratin is a naturally occurring protective protein. Keratin helps moisturize the skin and improve elasticity. Topical application of Keratin prevents damage of structural components of the skin. The protein also helps improve the strength and elasticity of your hair allowing it to fold without breaking. Keratin provides a protective barrier to the hair and protects it from heat damage. Keratin also helps the hair look shinier, thicker, and suppler in volume.

Other Products: Briogeo Shampoo , Keranique Hair Shampoo
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Tru Alchemy Lunar Lash

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Kojic Acid

Kojic acid is a chelatin agent that is made from different types of fungi, especially Aspergillus oryzae. Kojic acid is comes to being when certain foods are fermented including, wine rice, Japanese sake and soy sauce. Kojic acid prevents and inhibits the formation of tyrosine, an amino acid that produces melanin. Because of this, it has a lightening effect on the skin. Many cosmetic products including face creams, lotions, and serums add Kojic acid to their list of ingredients. Kojic acid helps to lighten dark spots and age spots, fade hyperpigmentation and discoloration. It also helps fight signs of aging.

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Lavender Oil

Lavender oil is an essential oil that has antibacterial properties to help fight can-causing bacteria Lavender oil is helpful to the skin in many ways, and that is why it is added to skincare products. Lavender oil has antibacterial properties that help heal and prevent acne breakouts. It helps treat psoriasis and eczema and soothe dry and itchy skin. Lavender oil also helps reduce inflammation, reduce dark spots and discoloration, fight free radicals, and reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.

Other Products: Dr. Loretta Anti-Aging Repair Moisturizer
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Licorice Root Extract

Multi-GI 5

Licorice root extract is derived from a herb that grows in parts of Asia and Europe and contains compounds beneficial to the skin. The root was traditionally cultivated in Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. The root extract contains two compounds, liquiritin and isoliquiritin, that are rich in antioxidants. Licorice root extract helps to brighten the skin by fading discoloration, hyperpigmentation, and dark spots. The root extract protects the skin from free radicals, photodamage, and other environmental aggressors. Licorice root extract also helps heal acne scars, cam inflammation, soften the skin and improve its texture.

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Multi-GI 5

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Malic acid

Malic acid is an organic compound considered an alpha-hydroxyl that naturally occurs in pears and apples. It is from a family of fruit acids known as alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) that stimulates the exfoliation of dead skin cells. The topical application of skincare products containing malic acid helps improve skin hydration, reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, improve skin texture, and even out skin tone. Malic acid is added to cosmetic products to help balance the PH levels.

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Milk Protein

Beverly Hills MD Lash Enhancing Serum

Milk protein is a liquid food that is rich in nutrients obtained from the mammary glands of mammals. Milk proteins contain 9 amino acids, all essential and beneficial to the human body. Milk protein helps in the restructuring of cells because it easily penetrates the skin. It is a formulation that is mainly added in cleansers and moisturizers. It attracts dead skin cells and dirt so that they are easily washed away. Milk protein helps hydrate the skin, reduce the appearance of dark spots, prevent allergic infections, and improve skin texture. Aside from that, it is also added to hair products to repair damages, promote growth, and increase shine and texture.

Other Products: Bio Jouvance Paris
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Beverly Hills MD Dermal Repair Complex

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MSM

Beverly Hills MD Dermal Repair Complex

MSM is a rich natural source of organic Sulphur that has numerous benefits to the skin and hair Methyl-sulfonyl-methane (MSM) is a Sulphur component mostly found in foods and beverages. MSM is a water-soluble crystal, and it is added to the water phase during the manufacture of skincare products. Many skincare formulations include methyl-sulfonyl-methane because it is effective on the skin. It helps to regenerate skin cells and improve firmness as well. MSM supports collagen production, improves skin elasticity, and evens out the skin tone.

Other Products: Hairburst , Vibrance Hair Growth Vitamins
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Beverly Hills MD Dermal Repair Complex

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Niacinamide

Tru Alchemy Glow Serum

Niacinamide is a water-soluble vitamin that is also referred to as vitamin B3. It is a vitamin B derivative that helps soothe redness, boost brightness, and minimize the appearance of pores and natural oils. Niacinamide reduces skin inflammation by minimizing blotchiness and redness. The mineral also helps reduce the appearance of pores, protects the skin’s lipid barrier, regulates oil, protects against sun damage, treats acne and hyperpigmentation, and minimizes the appearance of wrinkles.

Other Products: Olay Retinol 24
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Tru Alchemy Glow Serum

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Omega-3 fatty acids

ProPlant Complete Shake

Omega-3 fatty acids is a group of fatty acids that the body requires for various functions, from cell growth to muscle activity. In precise, Omega-3 fatty acids are essential nutrients that the body cannot produce and must obtain them from foods such as salmon, flaxseeds, and fish. These fatty acids are an important part of the cell membrane that protects other cells from damage by free radicals. Some studies reveal that omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce cholesterol, cardiovascular health, reduce inflammation, lower blood pressure, and support healthy bones and joints. Apart from these health benefits, omega-3 protects against sun damage. Omega-3 also regulates how the skin responds to sunlight and reduces the severity of acne.

Other Products: La Prairie Skin Caviar Luxe Cream
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ProPlant Complete Shake

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Olive Oil

Olive oil is a liquid fat extracted from cold-pressed from olives, a traditional crop in the Mediterranean. The oil is recognized in the world as one of the healthiest oils available. The beauty and the cosmetic world has incorporated olive oil in many of its skin care products. Olive oil protects the skin against sun damage and signs of premature aging. As an antioxidant, olive oil fights free radicals that may be harmful to the skin. Aside from that, the oil moisturizes the skin, helps remove sticky makeup, and protects against oxidative stress. Olive oil moisturizes the skin under the eye area and prevents water loss.

Other Products: 111Skin , Honest Beauty
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Panthenol

Lash24

Panthenol is a stable form of pro-vitamin B5 known for its soothing, repairing, and moisturizing properties in skincare and hair products. It is sometimes referred to as pantothenic acid and is a form of vitamin B5. As a humectant, it is added to skincare products because it can attract and hold in moisture. Once applied to the skin, panthenol is converted to pantothenic acid. Pantothenic acid now pulls water to the skin cells to retain water in the tissues. Regular application of panthenol acts as an inflammatory and helps relieve irritation, dryness, sunburns, cuts, and insect bites. It helps increase the wound-healing process. Panthenol also thickens hair, seal in moisture, reduce tangles, and add shine to the hair.

Other Products: Olay Regenerist , ROC Retinol
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Lash24

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Peptides

Peptides are short chains of amino acids linked by peptide bonds that naturally occur on the skin Peptides, also called polypeptides, are amino acids that make up the proteins that the skin needs. Specifically, collagen contains three polypeptide chains, and adding peptides can increase collagen production. Adding peptides to skincare products helps improve the skin barrier to protect it against pollution, Ultraviolet rays, and other toxins. Peptides make up the elastic fibers in the skin, and they help firm and tighten the skin. They also help calm inflammation, even skin tone, and repair damaged skin.

Other Products: Beautycounter
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Probiotics

Gundry MD Bio Complete 3 (120 Capsules) Prebiotic

Probiotics are naturally occurring “good” bacteria that support a healthy gut and also used in skin care products. Probiotics contain bacteria that the body requires to remain healthy. Aside from ensuring a toxin-free and balanced gut, probiotics exhibit numerous benefits for the skin. Probiotics can be topically applied to reduce the threat of skin infections and improve the skin’s natural defenses against pollution, bacteria, and free radicals. Probiotics claim to soothe and calm inflammation, acne, and rosacea, making it perfect for sensitive skin types. Some probiotics increase the skin’s production of lipids and ceramides enabling the skin to retain moisture and keep away the acne-causing bacteria.

Other Products: Onnit Health Supplements
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Gundry MD Bio Complete 3 (120 Capsules) Prebiotic

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Quercetin

Active PK

Quercetin is a polyphenol flavonoid derived from plants like broccoli, blueberries, and red onions. It is also a bioflavonoid ingredient that naturally occurs in fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, kale, berries, and grapes. It is incorporated in different skincare products including toners, moisturizers, masks, or serums. Quercetin has skin-soothing, restorative, and anti-inflammatory effects on the skin when applied topically. It helps reduce the effects of UV rays on the skin that may cause photo aging, fight free radicals, calms inflammation, and reduce oxidative stress on the skin. Quercetin also promotes the growth and repair of damaged skin cells.

Other Products: Epionce
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Active PK

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Rosehip Oil

Rosehip oil is cold-pressed seed oil derived from the seeds of the wild rose bush The oil is pressed and extracted from the fruits and seeds of rosa canina rose bush which is commonly grown in Chile. Rosehip oil is highly prized because of it is valuable and has been used for its medicinal value for many years. Rosehip oil contains essential fatty acids and vitamins A and C. It also contains polyphenols which have antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties. It is mostly applied on dry skin, although some shampoos use it to hydrate the scalp. Rosehip oil is light and easily absorbed into the skin and helps lock in moisture.

Other Products: Pearlessence , The Ordinary
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Retinol

Retinol is a type of retinoid that is derived from vitamin A Along with tretinoin, retinyl palmitate, and retinoic acid, retinol is a topical Vitamin A derivative and part of the retinoid family. It is commonly used in creams, gels, and serums in varying strengths to fight against acne and aging. Retinol helps improve skin tone, speed up cellular renewal, improve skin complexion, and exfoliate dead skin cells preventing blackheads and whiteheads. Retinol also boosts collagen production to improve and prevent signs of aging. As an antioxidant, retinol protects the skin from damage by free radicals.

Other Products: Murad Retinol Youth Renewal Night Cream , StriVectin Advanced Retinol Intensive Night Moisturizer , Roc Retinol Correxion Deep Wrinkle Anti-Aging Retinol Night Cream
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Resveratrol

Resveratrol is a natural antioxidant that can be obtained from grape skin, wine, berries, dark chocolate, and peanuts. Resveratrol is a polyphenol full of antioxidants that provide many skin benefits. It fights free radical molecules from the skin that may cause aging. Resveratrol protects the skin against photo damage and may reduce hyperpigmentation caused by the sun. Adding resveratrol to skincare products helps improve skin elasticity and boost its firmness. Resveratrol helps improve the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, and acne. It also has hydrating effects making it ideal for dry skin.

Other Products: Resveratrol Lift Night Infusion Cream , Caudalie PREMIER CRU The Rich Cream
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Salicylic acid

The only beta hydroxyl acid (BHA) used in skin care products commonly used for the topical treatment of acne. Salicylic acid naturally occurs in sweet birch bark, willow bark, and wintergreen leaves. It is perfect for oily skin since it helps remove excess oil in the pores and reduces oil production. This helps keep the pores clean and unclogged, thus preventing acne, whiteheads, and blackheads from developing. Salicylic acid has anti-inflammatory properties to help soothe psoriasis. It is also a peeling agent, and it helps exfoliate dead skin cells. Higher concentrations of salicylic acid treat acne, melasma, age spots, and acne scars.

Caution

You have very dry skin, are on other medication like blood thinners, or are pregnant. Prolonged use of products with salicylic acid can cause skin dryness.

Other Products: The Mighty Patch , ZO Skin Health , CeraVe
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Seaweed

Har Vokse Hair Spray

Seaweed is a natural source of skin-loving amino-acids, minerals, and vitamins that have anti-inflammatory and anti-aging benefits to the skin. Seaweed has anti-aging, ultra-hydrating, humectant qualities, and anti-inflammatory properties. It is packed with minerals and vitamins making it a good skincare ingredient. Its antibacterial properties make it ideal for the treatment of rosacea, acne, and other skin conditions. Seaweed also acts as an exfoliate and helps get rid of dead skin cells and toxins. Seaweed also promotes collagen production, providing the skin with many anti-aging benefits and promoting youthful skin. Skin serums with seaweed help fade hyperpigmentation and brighten the skin.

Other Products: AngelLift
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Har Vokse Hair Spray

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Soy Protein

Live Conscious Organic Protein

Soy protein is a hydrolyzed protein that is made from the soybean plant. The protein contains antioxidant compounds called isoflavones that are vital in reducing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines and fighting other signs of aging, giving the skin a youthful glow. Soy protein in creams and moisturizers help brighten the skin, boost collagen production, improve skin tone, and reduce redness. Hydrolyzed soy protein helps increase the skin’s ability to retain moisture. Soy protein has strong antioxidant properties that help repair damaged elastic fibers in the skin to keep the skin firm.

Other Products: Lancome Absolue Revitalizing Eye Cream
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Live Conscious Organic Protein

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Sodium Hyaluronate

Sodium hyaluronate is a form of hyaluronic acid that deeply penetrates the skin and is easily absorbed into the skin to retain moisture. It is a sodium salt form that is derived from hyaluronic acid. The molecular weight of sodium hyaluronate is lower than that of hyaluronic acid, making it easily absorbed into the skin to improve hydration. Moisture helps to plump up the skin and reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Sodium hyaluronate is added to creams and serums to help reduce inflammation, redness, and symptoms of rosacea. The topical use of sodium hyaluronate gel helps enhance the wound-healing process.

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Soybean Oil

Soybean oil is an antioxidant that contains linoleic acid which helps to strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier. Soybean oil is derived from soybeans. Soybean oil contains palmitic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid, linolenic acid, and stearic acid. The acids strengthen the skin barrier, replenish skin moisture, and offer anti-inflammatory properties. Soybean oil is rich in antioxidants, including polyphenols and isoflavones that protect the skin against UV damage and water loss and fight other environmental aggressors. Soybean oil is a great anti-aging ingredient that stimulates collagen production. Collagen helps plump up the skin and fight any signs of aging.

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Shea Butter

Shea Butter is a fatty oil derived from the shea or karite tree. The butter has been included in many moisturizers and body lotions for many years. High concentrations of vitamins A, E and F, and fatty acid in shea butter make it an ideal ingredient in cosmetics used for softening the skin. Shea butter is also known for its healing and anti-inflammatory properties. Topical application of shea butter can smoothen, moisturize and tone the skin. Shea butter also promotes collagen production and hydrates the skin during pregnancy to reduce the appearance of stretch marks.

Other Products: Jan Marini Regeneration Booster
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Saw Palmetto

Hair La Vie Clinical Formula Hair Vitamins

Saw Palmetto is a shrub-like palm tree native to the United States whose berries are used for the treatment of acne and other conditions. Saw palmetto is a palm tree that grows in Florida and other parts of the United States. Its anti-androgenic effects are useful in the treatment of hormonal acne. Saw palmetto also helps regulate the production of sebum in the skin, which is the major cause of acne. Saw palmetto extract is commonly added to serums, lotions, and anti-aging creams to reduce appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Saw palmetto extracts claims to help reduce inflammation, redness, and protect the skin from free radical damage.

Other Products: Nutrafol
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Hair La Vie Clinical Formula Hair Vitamins

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Sea Fennel Stem Cells

A marine plant stem cell extract that brightens and evens out the skin tone. Sea fennel stem cells provide numerous skin benefits. It has a better cellular structure compared to other ingredients because it quickly penetrates the skin making it effective and stronger. Used topically, sea funnel stem cells reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, and reverse hyperpigmentation creating a smoother skin. Antioxidant peptides in sea fennel stem cells protect the skin from photo damage, oxidative stress, free radicals, and other environmental aggressors. Sea fennel renews and rejuvenates skin cells.

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Sprout Extract

Sprout extract is an elastifying skin protecting, anti-aging, body sculpting, and skin repairing cosmetic ingredient. Pea extract, also known as pisum sativa is an extract from the garden pea. It contains ellagic acid, quercetin, gallic acid, and beta-sitosterol that make it a powerful antioxidant. This antioxidant properties of pea sprout extract help reduce redness and calm inflammation on the skin. Higher amounts of pea extract in cosmetic products help thicken the products. Pea sprout extract helps improve skin elasticity, protect epidermal proteins, and protects collagen that helps fight any signs of aging. The extract also reduces the appearance of stretch marks.

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Tea Tree Oil

No B.S. Skincare

Tea tree oil is an essential oil derived from the leaves of tea tree and is added to cosmetics, household products, and topical medicines. It is an essential oil that has numerous skin benefits, including being a naturopathic treatment for skin conditions. When topically applied, tea tree oil promotes healthy skin and improves its overall appearance. It soothes dry, irritated, and itchy skin and treats eczema. Tea tree oil has antiseptic properties that help deal with oily skin. The anti-inflammatory properties of tea tree oil help reduce redness, rosacea, psoriasis, and inflammation. Tea tree oil can also be used in scalp treatment by removing dead skin cells and promoting hair growth.

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No B.S. Skincare

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Tocopherol

Tocopherol is a class of organic chemical compounds, many of which offer the benefits of vitamin E. This compound ingredients occur naturally and contain vitamin E activity. It has been found to provide the skin with a number of health benefits and that is why it is usually incorporated in most cosmetic and skincare products. Tocopherols are said to have skin barrier strengthening effects and also protect the skin against free radicals damaging activities. It is a product also found to fight early aging-related symptoms. The most common types of tocopherol found in skincare products include d-alpha-tocopheryl acetate, dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate, and dl-alpha-tocopherol.

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Turmeric

Relief Factor

Turmeric is an antioxidant that contains curcumin as its active compound to provide the skin with numerous benefits. Turmeric has been linked to healing properties and cosmetic benefits for many years now. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of turmeric provide the skin with a natural glow and luster. The yellow-orange spice can be used as a face mask to help reduce acne and its resulting scars. Turmeric can also help with eczema, psoriasis, alopecia, and other skin conditions. A combination of turmeric and neem can help in the treatment of scabies. Curcumin in turmeric enhances the healing of wounds.

Other Products: Morning Complete
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Relief Factor

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Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin used in many cosmetic products and lotions to help treat various skin conditions. It is also called phytonadione. It is added to cosmetic products to help reduce inflammation and redness and fade hyperpigmentation. In many skincare products, vitamin K is paired with retinol or caffeine to fight signs of aging. Vitamin K also helps reduce the appearance of under-eye circles and fine lines. Vitamin K also helps speed up the healing and repair of damaged skin.

Other Products: Neocutis Lumière Riche , La Prairie Skin Caviar Eye Lift Serum , Clarins Extra-Firming Yeux Eye Cream
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Vitamin F

Vitamin F is considered an omega-6 essential fatty acid, an ingredient that hydrates the skin. This vitamin category comprises of two fatty acids, alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and linoleic acid (LA) that play an important role in promoting healthy skin. It helps the skin retain its moisture and also protects its barrier. Vitamin F helps reduce skin inflammation, excessive water loss and regulates healthy cell functions. Vitamin F provides an added layer of photoprotection to the skin and prevents the skin from UV rays. Frequent use of vitamin F gives the skin a youthful glow, improves skin texture, and fights any signs of aging.

Other Products: Embryolisse , Cetaphil Rich Hydrating Night Cream
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Vitamin E

PhytoCera

Vitamin E is a fat-soluble essential vitamin that has anti-aging, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. E vitamin is added to creams and other skincare products including, sunscreens, eye serums, anti-aging creams, and makeup for topical application. The skin easily absorbs vitamin E. Topical application of vitamin E chronic and acute skin damage caused by exposure to UV rays. Vitamin E as oil is used to moisturize dry areas on the skin like elbows and cuticles. It also helps nourish and protect the skin from damage by free radicles. Applying vitamin E oil on the skin may also fight any signs of aging and reduce the appearance of blemishes.

Other Products: HairOmega
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PhytoCera

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Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids that the body produces in response to exposure to sunlight. This vitamin acts as an anti-inflammatory molecule that has numerous benefits to the skin. The skin and the gut are the two main sources of vitamin D. Vitamin D is mostly used in topical skin care products. It helps reduce inflammation and treats skin conditions like vitiligo, psoriasis, and eczema. Working within the cell’s nucleus, vitamin D regulates functions, stimulates the proliferation of skin cells, and protects the skin against cancer. As an antioxidant, vitamin D protects the skin from environmental suppressors that may cause premature aging. Vitamin D3 is produced when the body absorbs vitamin D from the sun.

Other Products: Vitamins Energy
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Vitamin C

Tru Alchemy Eye Elixir

Vitamin C is an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant that helps form and maintain the skin’s connective tissues. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that provides the skin with numerous health benefits. Topical application of vitamin C skincare products promotes collagen production, protects the skin from free radicals, brightens the skin and fades hyperpigmentation, reduces the appearance of under-eye circles, and protects from sun damage. Vitamin C occurs in several forms. The most commonly used form of vitamin C in skincare products is ascorbyl palmitate, L-ascorbic acid, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, and magnesium ascorbyl phosphate.

Other Products: La Roche-Posay Pure Vitamin C Face Serum
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Tru Alchemy Eye Elixir

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Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3 is a stable vitamin form that offers a wide range of benefits to the skin when topically applied. Vitamin B3 is an antioxidant that is converted into nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide when applied topically to help fight free radicals. Vitamin B3 occurs in two different forms, niacinamide and niacin. Niacinamide regulates oil production in the skin to prevent acne formation. Vitamin B3 protects the skin from sun damage, treats hyperpigmentation, protects against oxidative stress, and keeps the skin smooth and moisturized. Some concentrations of Vitamin B3 help reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines and fight any signs of aging. It also forms a lipid barrier to help retain skin moisture.

Other Products: Skinbetter Science
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Vitamin A

Valotin

Vitamin A is a nutritional unsaturated compound that is required or normal cell growth, development and function. It is a fat-soluble vitamin that is known for its restorative benefits to the skin. The most common and readily available forms of vitamin A in skin care products include retinol, retinoic acid, retinyl palmitate, and retinyl acetate. Many cosmetic products including sunscreens, moisturizers, anti-aging creams, and oils contain retinol. Vitamin A works by controlling and preventing acne, accelerating exfoliation, stimulating collagen production to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, and fading dark spots. It also stimulates the production of new skin cells and helps in moisture retention.

Other Products: Beverly Hills MD
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Valotin

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Willow Bark Extract

Willow bark extract is a plant extract derived from the purple, black and white willow barks trees, and it contains salicin, and acne-fighting ingredient. The bark extract has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that offer numerous skin benefits. It naturally exfoliates the skin, reduces oiliness, and calms redness. Willow bark extract contains tannins that act as astringents that helps tighten the skin and reduce the size of pores. Willow bark extract also contains flavonoids and polyphenols that help reduce the signs of aging, eliminate wrinkles, and prevent damage from free radicals. It also helps lock in moisture keeping the skin moisturized and hydrated. Willow bark contains salicin, a natural source of salicylic acid that helps fight acne, eczema, and psoriasis.

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Xanthan Gum

Xanthan gum is a thickening agent that is used in skin care products to enhance texture and stabilize emulsions, and also helps unlike substance like water and oil to mix. Xanthan gum is a type of carbohydrate that is produced from the fermentation of simple sugars. Each category of skincare product contains Xanthan gum. It can be found in serums, masks, and peels. As a binder, xanthan gum prevents the ingredients in cosmetic products from splitting or separating. The thickness of a product can be determined by how it feels when applied to the skin. When mixed with water, xanthan gum can increase the heaviness and texture of products. As an emulsifier, xanthan gum helps to mix water-based and oil-based ingredients in cosmetic products.

Other Products: Valjean Labs , Clarins Multi-Active Nuit
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Yeast

Yeast is a fermentation agent that makes ingredients in topical skin care products to be easily absorbed and increase its shelf life. It contains Vitamin B, an antioxidant, which helps to promote skin integrity. It helps balance the skin and fight acne, seborrhea, and other skin conditions. It also helps soothe and calm irritated skin. The antioxidant properties of yeast also help prevent free radicals from damaging the skin and promote cell turnover. Yeast also produces amino acids and peptides that help enhance collagen synthesis. Aside from that, yeast contains lipids that help nourish and moisturize the skin, thus keeping the skin hydrated.

Other Products: SK-II , Sisleÿa Global Anti-Age Extra-Rich
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Zinc

Primal Harvest

Zinc is a pigmented natural mineral that is mined in the quarry and then refined into white powder. It is an essential non-soluble mineral that is usually added to creams and body lotions to help maintain skin health. When mixed with these carrier agents, zinc provides protection against the sun. Zinc is commonly used in sunscreens, and it creates a natural barrier that prevents UVB and UVA rays from damaging the skin cells. Zinc also stabilizes the skin cells and protects them as they divide and grow. Zinc contains anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties and is helpful for skin diseases including eczema and acne.

Other Products: Viviscal
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Primal Harvest

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